Fixed star:  HOMAM
Constellation:  Zeta (ζ) Pegasus
Longitude 1900:  14PIS45 Longitude 2000:  16PIS09
Declination 1900:  +10.19' Declination 2000:  +10.49'
Right ascension:  22h 41m Latitude:  +17.40'
Spectral class:  B8 Magnitude:  3.6

The history of the star: Homam

from p.327 of Star Names, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889.
[A scanned copy can be viewed on this webpage]

HomamZeta (ζ) Pegasus, Homam, is a light yellow star on the neck of the Winged Horse.

Homam seems to have been first given to this in the Palermo Catalogue, from Sa'd1 al Humam, the Lucky Star of the Hero **, in which the 15th century Tartar astronomer Ulug Beg included zeta (ζ Homam); other lists have Homan. But the 17th century English orientalist Thomas Hyde said that the original was Al Hammam, the Whisperer. Al Tizini (Arabian astronomer, first half of 16th century) mentioned it as Sa'd al Naamah, {p.328} the Lucky Star of the Ostriches; and Al Achsasi, as Na'ir Sad al Bahaim, the Bright Fortunate One of the Two Beasts, which the 10th century Persian astronomical writer Al Sufi had said were theta (θ) and nu. Thus xi (ξ) was one of the general group Al Su'ud al Nujum, the Fortunate Stars.

The Chinese called it Luy Tien, Thunder.

**[Allen notes: This Arabic Sa'd is our "Good Luck" and a component word of many titles in the Desert sky, all of which seem to have been applied to stars rising in the morning twilight at the commencement of the pleasant season of spring. Al Sa'dain, the dual form, was the title for Jupiter and Venus, the Two Fortunate Planets; Al Nahsan, the Unlucky, referring to Mars and Saturn]

[Star Names, Their Lore and Meaning, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889].

The astrological influences of the constellation Pegasus

Legend: Pegasus was born from the blood of Medusa (see Algol) after Perseus had cut off her head, and was afterwards tamed and ridden by Bellerophon. Being weary of earthly affairs Bellerophon attempted to fly to heaven but fell off, and Pegasus continued his course, entered heaven and took his place among the stars. [Robson*, p.56.]

Influences: According to Ptolemy the bright stars are like Mars and Mercury. The constellation gives ambition, vanity, intuition, enthusiasm, caprice and bad judgment. [Robson*, p.56.]

The constellation portends events concerning ships and the ocean and also changes in the weather. In medieval times it was said to indicate vain individuals with a great deal of ambition, but with very poor judgment. [Fixed Stars and Judicial Astrology, George Noonan, 1990, p.22.]


The Pegasus Syndrome, as exemplified in the legends of Perseus and Bellerophon, is concerned with the innate ability possessed by some people to negotiate difficulties by rising above them, on the one hand, and the danger of overreaching themselves, on the other. Pegasus, by birth, is the child of Medusa and Neptune, symbols of 'wisdom' and 'emotion,' respectively, which shows the dichotomy of his nature. As in the story, Bellerophon attempted to fly to Olympus (overreach his potential). He believed that Pegasus was subject to his will. However, it was Pegasus who made it to Olympus, while Bellerophon was tossed back to earth, lame and reproached by others. It is unwise to take any situation for granted as the 'lesser' person (or, in this case, beast) may be the very one to teach us the much needed lesson in humility. Pegasus is also indicative of a specific mission in life which the inquirer will always find the time and energy to pursue, although the path may be sewn with difficulties (the Chimaera) and limitations (Bellerophon's doubt or arrogance). So, the Pegasus Syndrome is the seeming ability to "fly over any situation," though the reverse may be a lesson in humility, being "taken down a peg," as it were. [Rich's Pegopedia http://thanasis.com/pegasus.htm].

The astrological influences of the constellation Pegasus given by Manilius:

"Pegasus the winged Horse will appear and gallop aloft in the heavens. It will bring forth people endowed with swiftness of movement and limbs alert to perform every task. One man will cause his horse to wheel round in caracoles, and proudly mounted on its back he will wage war from on high; horseman and soldier in one. Another will possess the ability to rob the racecourse of its true length such is his speed that he will seem to dissemble the movement of his feet and make the ground vanish before him. Who more swiftly could fly back from the ends of the earth as messenger or with light foot to the earth's ends make his way?  He will also heal a horse's wounds with the sap of common plants, and will know the herbs which bring aid to an animal's limbs and those which grow for the use of man." [Manilius, Astronomica, 1st century AD, book 5, p.350-353.]

References:

*[Fixed Stars and Constellations in Astrology, Vivian E. Robson, 1923].