Fixed star:  LESATH
Constellation:  Upsilon (υ) Scorpius
Longitude 1900:  22SAG37 Longitude 2000:  24SAG01
Declination 1900:  -37.13' Declination 2000:  -37.17'
Right ascension:  17h 30m Latitude:  -14.00'
Spectral class:  B3 Magnitude:  2.8

The history of the star: Lesath

from p.371 of Star Names, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889.

LesathThe two stars; upsilon (υ) Scorpius, Lesath, along with Shaula, lambda (λ) Scorpius; are at the tip of the tail of the Scorpion and right on the sting.

Lesos is Greek for sting, Latin has punctura scorpionis, "the sting of the scorpion".

Lesath, or Lesuth, is from Al Las'ah, the Sting, which, with lambda (λ Shaula), it marks; yet the English astronomer Smyth (1788-1865), who treats of these two stars at considerable length, says that the word is {p.372.} formed by the 16th century French scholar Scaliger's conjecture from Alascha, which is a corruption of al-shaulah. Lesath, therefore, is not a term used by the Arabs, who designate all these bumps, which form the tail, Al-fikrah, vertebrated twirls; they are formed by epsilon (ε), mu (μ), zeta (ζ Grafias), eta (η), iota (ι), kappa (κ), lambda (λ Shaula) and upsilon (υ this star Lesath), and it is supposed that the sting, punctura scorpionis, was formerly carried to the following star, gamma (γ), marked nebulous by the second-century Greek astronomer Ptolemy.

But this gamma (γ) is surely wrong; that letter really applying to a star in the right claw very far to the west of the sting,— as far as the make-up of the creature will allow. Still Burritt's Atlas of 1856 located it as the English astronomer Smyth (1788-1865) did. The Persian astronomer Al Biruni (973-1048 A.D.) wrote that lambda (λ) and upsilon (υ, this star Lesath) were in the Harazah, the Joints of the Vertebrae. The Italian astronomer Riccioli (1598-1671) mentioned upsilon (υ) as lesath vel potius Lessaa Elaakrab Morsum Scorp. vel Denneb Elaa-krab; and the 17th century German astronomer Bayer, Leschat recte lesath, Moschleck, Alascha, which we have seen for lambda (λ Shaula); but the proximity of these stars renders this duplication not unnatural.

The Chinese knew them as Keen Pi, the Two Parts of a Lock. The German astronomer Ideler (1766-1846) thought upsilon (υ this star Lesath) the gamma (γ) of Telescopium, but this does not agree with Bode's drawing of the latter.

[Star Names, Their Lore and Meaning, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889].

The Lunar Mansions

This star upsilon (υ Lesath), and lambda (λ Shaula) were the 17th manzil (Arabic Moon Mansion), Al Shaulah, The Sting, or the Two Releasers, perhaps from the Vedic opinion that they brought relief from lingering disease. [Star Names, p.370.]

Influences of the 17th Arabic Moon Mansion Al Shaulah: Helps in besieging cities, taking towns, driving men from their places, destruction of seamen and captives.

With Moon transiting here: buy cattle, hunt but do not marry. [Robson*, p.73.]


This star upsilon (υ Lesath), and lambda (λ Shaula) were the 17th nakshatra (Hindu Moon Mansion) Vicritau. Some Hindu authorities, taking in all the stars from epsilon to upsilon (υ Lesath), called the whole Mula, the "Root", with the divine Nirrity, Calamity, as regent of the asterism, which was represented as a Lion's Tail; this title appearing also for stars of Sagittarius. [Star Names, p.370.]

Influences of the 17th Hindu Moon Mansion Mula: Ruled by the Dragon's Tail. A sharp asterism belonging to the butcher caste and favorable for punishment, torture, imprisonment, exorcism, mesmerism and separation or union when containing the Moon. Those born on the lunar day will be druggists, dealers in flowers and fruit, rich and fond of gardening. With Moon here at birth native will be conceited, wealthy, luxurious, kind-hearted, happy and resolute. Rules stables and the left side of the body. [Robson*, p.82.]

The astrological influences of the constellation Scorpius

Ptolemy makes the following observations: "The bright stars in the front of the body of Scorpio have an effect similar to that produced by the influence of Mars, and partly to that produced by Saturn: the three in the body itself . . . are similar to Mars and moderately to Jupiter: those in the joints of the tail are like Saturn and partly like Venus: those in the sting, like Mercury and Mars." By the Kabalists Scorpio is associated with the Hebrew letter Oin and the 16th Tarot Trump "The Lightning-Struck Tower." [Robson*, p.60-61.]

The astrological influences of the constellation Scorpius given by Manilius:

"The Scorpion presides over arms" [Manilius, Astronomica, 1st century AD, book 4, p.253]

"By virtue of his tail armed with its powerful sting, wherewith, when conducting the Sun's chariot through his sign, he cleaves the soil and sows seed in the furrow, the Scorpion creates natures ardent for war and active service, and a spirit which rejoices in plenteous bloodshed and in carnage more than in plunder. Why, these men spend even peace under arms; they fill the glades and scour the woods; they wage fierce warfare now against man, now against beast, and now they sell their persons to provide the spectacle of death and to perish in the arena, when, warfare in abeyance, they each find themselves foes to attack. There are those, too, who enjoy mock-fights and jousts in arms (such is their love of fighting) and devote their leisure to the study of war and every pursuit which arises from the art of war." [Manilius, Astronomica, 1st century AD, p.239-240].

The astrological influences of the star Lesath

Of the nature of Mercury and Mars. It gives danger, desperation, immorality and malevolence, and is connected with acid poisons. [Robson*, p.173.]

In close conjunction with lambda Scorpio Shaula, both in the 'Tail end of the Scorpion', has a Mars nature blended with Mercurian influence. According to tradition, Lesath in conjunction with Mars, Uranus or Saturn, MC or Ascendant could point to danger from wild animals, either to be ripped up by them, massacred, or torn into pieces. This medieval interpretation is no longer correct in these days. At present, a configuration involving this star points to accidents, catastrophes, or operations. Corresponding to the sign Scorpio, this could work with appendicitis, appendectomy, or removing of hemorrhoids by operation. If associated with a benefic stellar body and if channeled in the right direction, there is the possibility that the energy associated with the Mars nature can make for marked achievements. [Fixed Stars and Their Interpretation, Elsbeth Ebertin, 1928, p.73.]

Not unexpectedly it gets a Mercury-Mars rating from Ptolemy, what else for deft and swift injector like this? Its qualities in the horoscope are very much those of a probing, sharp intellect and incisive wit, every bit as damaging as a knife to its opponent. It is one of the three Scorpio stars in Sagittarius which can be held to account for the often surprising bite in the otherwise genial, jovial Sagittarian (other stars in the tail of Scorpio; Aculeus and Acumen). It does show them to have an enterprising spirit of keenness of insight, not always thought of in connection with that religio-philosophical ninth sign of the zodiac. People with star strong in their charts are noted for doing well in debate, business, sport, and high office in general. If not well aspected, though, they can be inclined to strike first and ask afterwards, with an embarrassing loss of face. [The Living Stars, Dr. Eric Morse, p.85-86.]

References:

*[Fixed Stars and Constellations in Astrology, Vivian E. Robson, 1923].