Fixed star:  SHAM
Constellation:  Alpha (α) Sagitta
Longitude 1900:  29CAP41 Longitude 2000:  01AQU04
Declination 1900:  +17.47' Declination 2000:  +18.00'
Right ascension:  19h 39m Latitude:  +38.47'
Spectral class:  F8 Magnitude:  4.4

The history of the star: Sham

Urania's Mirror 1825

Alpha (α) Sagitta, Sham, or Scham, is the western star in the shaft of the Arrow.

Sham comes from the Arabic Al Sahm or Alsoham, "Arrow".

[Star Names, Their Lore and Meaning, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889].

The astrological influences of the constellation Sagitta

Legend: Sagitta represents the arrow with which Hercules slew the eagle (Aquila) that fed upon the liver of Prometheus. [Robson*, p.59.]

Influences: According to Ptolemy this constellation is like Saturn and moderately like Venus, but Bayer states that it is of the nature of Mars and Venus. It is said to give a keen mind with ability for abstract thought and teaching or writing, irritability, jealousy and danger of hostility and bodily harm. [Robson*, p.59.].  

If setting [with any star in the constellation?], drafted into the army and dies in battle, or one who will die as a gladiator. Keen mind and ability for abstract thought, with a great deal of intellectual energy and with a tendency to be combative and opinionated. A successful hunter. Violent weather. [Fixed Stars and Judicial Astrology, George Noonan, 1990].

The astrological influences of the constellation Sagitta given by Manilius:

"Sagitta, The Arrow, will bestow the skill of hurling the javelin with the arm, of shooting the arrow from the string and missiles from rods, and of hitting a bird on the wing in the sky that is its home or piercing with three-pronged spear the fish that deemed itself so safe. What constellation or nativity should I rather have given Teucer? To what degree should I prefer to assign Philoctetes? His bow enabled Teucer to repel the flaming torches of Hector which threatened to pour fell fire upon a thousand ships (Those of the Greeks at Troy). Carrying in his quiver the fate of Troy and the Trojan War, Philoctetes*, who tarried in exile, proved a foe more potent than an armored host.

"Under this constellation indeed may well have been born that luckless parent who caught sight of a serpent couched upon his son's face and sapping the life-blood of the sleeping child, but nerved himself to let fly a shaft at it and succeeded in killing the reptile. Fatherhood supplied his skill; a natural instinct overcame the danger and delivered the boy from sleep and death alike, given then a second life and snatched whilst dreaming from the grave".

[Translator's note:*It was decreed that Troy could not be taken without the arrows of Hercules; these were held by Philoctetes, who, afflicted with a noisome wound in the foot, had been abandoned by the Greeks in Lemnos; subsequently healed and brought to Troy, he slew many of the Trojans, including Paris. Unlike most of the Greeks Philoctetes, as an archer, wore no armor]. [Manilius, Astronomica, 1st century AD, book 5, p.235].


*[Fixed Stars and Constellations in Astrology, Vivian E. Robson, 1923].