|Fixed star: TAYGETA See Alcyone|
|Constellation: 19 Taurus, or epsilon (ε)|
|Longitude 1900: 28TAU10||Longitude 2000: 29TAU34|
|Declination 1900: +24.09'||Declination 2000: +24.27'|
|Right ascension: 03h 45m||Latitude: +04.31'|
|Spectral class: B7||Magnitude: 4.4|
See Alcyone, the chief star in the Pleiades, for astrological interpretations.
"Taygete simul os terris ostendit honestum Pleias." — Vergil's (70-19 B.C.) 4th Georgic.
Fl. 19 Taurus, Taygeta, or epsilon (ε), Double, 5.1 and 10, lucid white and violet.
Taygete, or Taygeta, a name famous in Spartan story for the mother of Lacedaemon by Zeus, was mentioned by Ovid (43 B.C.-18?A.D.) and Vergil (70-19 B.C.) as another representative of this stellar family; the former calling it Soror Pleiadum, and the latter using it to fix the two seasons of the honey harvest, as in Davidson's translation of the passage beginning with our motto:
"as soon as the Pleiad Taygete has displayed her comely face to the earth, and spurns with her foot the despised waters of the ocean; or when the same star, flying the constellation of the watery Fish, descends in sadness from the sky into the wintery waves."
The 15th century Tartar astronomer Ulug Beg applied to it Al Wasat, the Central One, usually and more appropriately given to Alcyone.
The 17th century German astronomer Bayer lettered it q, describing it as Pleiadum minima; but the Century Cyclopedia's epsilon is a misprint for e.
"And is there glory from the heavens departed ? — Oh! void unmarked!—thy sisters of the sky Still hold their place on high, Though from its rank thine orb so long hath started, Thou, that no more art seen of mortal eye." — Mrs. Hemans' The Lost Pleiad.