|Fixed star: ENIF|
|Constellation: Epsilon (ε) Pegasus|
|Longitude 1900: 00PIS30||Longitude 2000: 01PIS53|
|Declination 1900: +09.25'||Declination 2000: +09.52'|
|Right ascension: 21h 44m||Latitude: +22.06'|
|Spectral class: K2||Magnitude: 2.5|
Epsilon (ε) Pegasus, Enif, is a triple star, yellow, and blue, on the nose of the Winged Horse.
Enif, Enf, and Enir, all titles for this, are from Al Anf, the Nose, by which the Arabians designated it. The 16th century French scholar Scaliger had Enf Alpheras, and the 17th century German astronomer and ephemeris creator Schickard Aniphol Pharasi. It was also Fum al Faras, the Horse's Mouth; and Al Jahfalah, the Lip, this last being found on one of their globes.
The 17th century German astronomer Bayer quoted from "the interpreters of the Almagest" Grumium and Muscida, respectively Jaw and Muzzle, so describing its position; but these have become proper names for xi (ξ) Draco (Grumium) and pi (π) Ursa Major. Flamsteed knew it as Os Pegasi.
[Star Names, Their Lore and Meaning, Richard Hinckley Allen, 1889].
Pegasus was born from the blood of Medusa (see Algol) after Perseus had cut off her head, and was afterwards tamed and ridden by Bellerophon. Being weary of earthly affairs Bellerophon attempted to fly to heaven but fell off, and Pegasus continued his course, entered heaven and took his place among the stars. [Robson*, p.56.]
*, p.56.]According to Ptolemy the bright stars are like Mars and Mercury. The constellation gives ambition, vanity, intuition, enthusiasm, caprice and bad judgment. [Robson
The constellation portends events concerning ships and the ocean and also changes in the weather. In medieval times it was said to indicate vain individuals with a great deal of ambition, but with very poor judgment. [Fixed Stars and Judicial Astrology, George Noonan, 1990, p.22.]
"Pegasus the winged Horse will appear and gallop aloft in the heavens. It will bring forth people endowed with swiftness of movement and limbs alert to perform every task. One man will cause his horse to wheel round in caracoles, and proudly mounted on its back he will wage war from on high; horseman and soldier in one. Another will possess the ability to rob the racecourse of its true length such is his speed that he will seem to dissemble the movement of his feet and make the ground vanish before him. Who more swiftly could fly back from the ends of the earth as messenger or with light foot to the earth's ends make his way? He will also heal a horse's wounds with the sap of common plants, and will know the herbs which bring aid to an animal's limbs and those which grow for the use of man." [Manilius, Astronomica, 1st century AD, book 5, p.350-353.]
Danger in battle. [Fixed Stars and Judicial Astrology, George Noonan, 1990, p.22.]